The Delphi-Survey involved 1127 experts from science, business, public administration and user representation with the aim of creating public debate on technology policy and to investigate market niches for technology in Austria.
Until the 1980s, the Austrian industrial landscape was dominated by state-owned heavy industries and there was not a focus on cutting-edge research as most of Austrian industry relied on imitation. After the decline of the state-owned sector, many previously flourishing areas in Austria suffered a heavy set-back. . There was a need to develop a national technology policy with a focus on finding out area where Austria may have competitive advantage.
To allow for public debate on technology policy in Austria and to investigate market niches for technology in Austria.
Panels of experts developed the Delphi Survey questions in seven fields, selected by a set of preceding studies. Experts came from industry, academia and user groups / administration with both technical and social science backgrounds. It was aimed for the questions to be as problem-orientated as possible. The Delphi investigation had two rounds with participants responses from the first questionnaires being fed into the second round. There was also a consumer survey on their knowledge of and attitudes towards technologies, which had 1000 respondents.
The results of the Delphi Survey have formed part several official documents on technology policy and its findings are integrated into political statements and documents.
H. Torgersen & W. Peissl Institute of Technology Assessment Austrian Academy of Sciences http://www.oeaw.ac.at/ita . http://www.tekno.dk/subpage.php3?article=798&language=uk&category=11&toppic=kategori11 .
Gather individual pre-existing opinions
Generate new ideas (innovation)
Number of participants
Representatives of wider interest groups (stakeholders)
Level of awareness and interest
participants are well informed and can articulate their interests
Science and technology
Level of involvement